Watch the SER vs. ESTAR video here!

SER is for identity, characteristics.

  • Hour, time, date
  • Occupation
  • Place of origin
  • Nationality
  • Religious and political affiliations
  • Possession
  • Material something is made out of
  • Relationship of one person to another
  • Essential qualities, personality

ESTAR is for a condition, state of being.

  • Geographic or physical location
  • Mood and physical condition
  • Certain idiomatic expressions
  • Present continuous